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KenGen potentially to be Kenya’s first nuclear power plant operator

Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen) is being considered by the Ministry of Energy to be the operator of Kenya’s first nuclear power plant whose construction is expected from 2027 through 2034.

Why Kenya is building a new control hub for its power grid

After taking over as the national grid operator from Kenya Power in 2022, Kenya Electricity Transmission Company (Ketraco) is moving to build a new national system control centre (NSCC) to replace the ageing one.

Eastern Africa Energy Landscape

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Kenya

Kenya has a total installed capacity of 3,074 MW (or 3 GW).

Sources:

  • Geothermal 949 MW
  • Hydropower 838 MW
  • Wind 437 MW
  • Solar 173 MW
  • Thermal (diesel/kerosene-fired generators) 646 MW
  • Off-grid 34 MW
  • Biomass 2 MW

However, while the installed capacity stands at 3,074 MW, the effective power capacity (the power that can be availed to the national grid at any given time) is about 2,860 MW.
In terms of the generation mix, geothermal is Kenya’s workhorse energy source contributing to nearly half of the consumed electricity, followed by hydropower, wind, solar and thermal plants in that order.
Kenya’s peak demand stands at 2,057 MW. This leaves the country with a spare capacity of 803 MW, which is equivalent to 28%—nearly double the global rate.

Uganda

Uganda has a total installed capacity of 1,270 MW

Sources:

  • Hydropower 1,024 MW
  • Thermal 100 MW
  • Cogeneration 64 MW
  • Solar 60 MW

Uganda’s peak demand stands at 724 MW. This leaves the country with a spare capacity of 546 MW, which is equivalent to 43%—nearly thrice the global rate.

Ethiopia

Ethiopia has a total installed capacity of 4,300 MW, 98% of which is from hydropower and 2% from wind and geothermal sources.

Tanzania

Tanzania has a total installed capacity of 1,608 MW, led by natural gas-fired power (nearly half), followed by hydropower and thermal in that order. Peak demand is about 1,200MW.