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More developers, occupants opt for green buildings

Developers around Kenya’s capital Nairobi are increasingly opting to build green buildings in efforts to help occupants save on their power and water costs, and lower their carbon footprints.

Kenya’s energy transformation through the eyes of an octogenarian engineer

Hindpal Jabbal bought his first car, a Volkswagen, in 1960 at a cost of four thousand shillings (now equivalent to $40), three years before Kenya claimed independence from colonial rule. 

Eastern Africa Energy Landscape

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Kenya has a total installed capacity of 2,990 MW (or 2.9 GW).


  • Geothermal 863 MW
  • Hydropower 838 MW
  • Wind 437 MW
  • Solar 173 MW
  • Thermal (diesel/kerosene-fired generators) 677 MW

However, while the installed capacity stands at 2,990MW, the effective power capacity (the power that can be availed to the national grid at any given time) is 2,858 MW.
In terms of the generation mix, geothermal is Kenya’s workhorse energy source contributing to nearly half of the consumed electricity, followed by hydropower, wind, solar and thermal plants in that order.
Kenya’s peak demand stands at 2,036MW. This leaves the country with a spare capacity of 822MW, which is equivalent to 29%—nearly double the global rate.


Uganda has a total installed capacity of 1,270 MW


  • Hydropower 1,024 MW
  • Thermal 100 MW
  • Cogeneration 64 MW
  • Solar 60 MW

Uganda’s peak demand stands at 724 MW. This leaves the country with a spare capacity of 546 MW, which is equivalent to 43%—nearly thrice the global rate.


Ethiopia has a total installed capacity of 4,300 MW, 98% of which is from hydropower and 2% from wind and geothermal sources.


Tanzania has a total installed capacity of 1,608 MW, led by natural gas-fired power (nearly half), followed by hydropower and thermal in that order. Peak demand is about 1,200MW.